Silica Gel is a desiccant. It absorbs moisture from the air around your camera equipment. Being a drying agent, Silica Gel ensures that the storage space is not friendly for fungus to grow on your equipment. It can later be dried out by heating, to release the water it contains, this makes Silica Gel crystals reusable again and again.
If you leave Silica Gel inside your camera bag for too long it can get too saturated with moisture. The crystals will then start to release some of that moisture, undoing the work it had done. This could really mess up your equipment. This regenerative property of Silica Gel is very useful to us.
Here’s how you can dry Silica Gel sachets or crystals multiple times to keep your camera equipment safe from moisture damage.
How Do I know When Silica Gel is Saturated with Moisture?
Indicating Silica Gel changes color when it is saturated with moisture. Orange Silica Gel turns dark green or black when drying out is required, and Blue Silica Gel turns pink when it needs to be regenerated. We recommend Orange Indicating Silica Gel Beads.
Normal Silica Gel is white, so it’s difficult to know when it is saturated with moisture. This is why I prefer to use Indicating Silica Gel. These color-indicating Silica Gel crystals are either blue or orange when fully active, and change color when they are saturated with moisture. The orange type is preferred, as the chemical used to show moisture content may be less toxic.
Quick TIP: You can keep track of how humid any space is, by using a Digital Hygrometer. I highly recommend using one.
How Can I Restore or Recharge Silica Gel that is Saturated?
Silica Gel can be restored to its original state by heating it in an oven to 120 °C (248 °F) for 1–2 hours. Once it is restored, it will return to its original color; either orange or blue depending on its type.
Silica Gel gets saturated with moisture rather quickly when there is a high level of humidity in the air. So, it’s important to check on the crystals/sachets often.
Fully Saturated Silica Gel crystals can begin to give off humidity to the surrounding air when the humidity falls. This means that you need to refresh/recharge the crystals before they get saturated so that they continue to absorb water from the air.
The good news is that you can reuse these Silica Gel Crystals up to 500 times, and the procedure is quite simple. All you need is an oven, an oven-safe dish, maybe some aluminum foil to hold the crystals, and you’re ready to recharge Silica Gel.
8 Steps to Restore and Reuse Silica Gel:
- Spread the crystals across the bottom of a bake-safe oven dish (you can use aluminium foil if you prefer to keep it off the dish itself). Spread them evenly and less than an inch deep in the dish.
- Place the dish in an oven and heat it to 120° C (248° F) for 1–2 hours until they start changing color. If you want to avoid the risk of making your Silica Gel inactive, you could use a lower temperature and leave the Silica Gel in for a longer period of time. When the Silica Gel has returned to its original color, it is ready to be taken out.
- Do not heat Indicating Silica Gel to more than 125-150° C because it will lose its indicating ability.
- Do not heat regular Silica Gel to more than 200° C.
- The Silica Gel crystals will release the trapped water from within them, and will revert to their original blue or orange color. Once the color changes fully, the Silica Gel is recharged and restored to its original capacity.
- To speed up the drying process, you can spread the gel out as much as possible, use a fan to circulate air, periodically move around the gel layers to dry it out evenly.
- Note that the chemical that actually indicates the there is water in the silica gel crystals is a little more sensitive, and will most likely turn blue before the Silica Gel is fully refreshed. This is why we suggest leaving the crystals in the oven for a while longer, after the crystals turn blue/orange.
- Allow the crystals to cool down before you touch them, and then restore them to their perforated containers in your camera bag or cabinet. Remember to use an airtight storage container for long-term storage of your camera equipment so that humidity doesn’t keep coming in and saturating the Silica Gel crystals.
- Store Silica Gel in an airtight container for long term storage so that they don’t absorb moisture from the atmosphere when they are not in use.
- Remember to recharge your Silica Gel crystals often enough, and your camera equipment should last a very long time.
Some people say that you can use a microwave oven to recharge Silica Gel, however, we recommend against it because there is no way to control the temperature of the crystals, and you risk making them inactive.
How Many Times Can Silica Gel be Dried And Reused?
Silica Gel lasts through many hundred reuses and has been shown to be effective even after recharging it up to 500 times (PDF). Although its efficiency decreases after about 100 uses, it is still quite efficient. Just remember not to heat it above 150°C or you may damage the indicating element.
Now That I’ve Regenerated my Silica Gel Sachets, How Can I Reuse them?
Glad you asked! Silica Gel is useful around the house and office in more ways than to just keep your Camera Equipment safe.
How You Can Reuse Silica Gel Around the House:
- Keep some in your camera storage area, as well as your travel camera bags. They’re essential.
- Keep your paperwork or clothes free of mold in humid regions by putting sachets of Silica Gel in your folders.
- Quickly dry out electronic equipment if they get splashed. Of course, remember to it off before doing anything else. You can put your phone, or other device into an airtight container full of indicative Silica Gel crystals, or Sachets to get it dry super fast.
- Put some Silica Gel in with photo albums, when storing them, to prevent photos sticking to the cellophane pouches.
- Put Silica Gel sachets in your luggage, and especially in your Travel Pouch to keep the insides dry, and prevent your razors from rusting while you travel. This is especially useful when travelling to beaches and tropical climates.
- Keep some Silica Gel in your toolkit. This will keep the air dry and prevent rust.
- Every storage container needs a little Silica Gel.
- You can create art quicker by storing flowers and leaves with Silica Gel. This will dehydrate the flowers quickly, making for artistic subjects for your photography or art projects.
How Can I Store Recharged Silica Gel?
You can store recharged Silica Gel in an airtight container for later use. An airtight bag or container is a must so that no humidity is allowed in contact with the beads. If it is left out in the open, it will immediately start absorbing moisture from the air around it and will not be usable.
Frequently Asked Questions about Silica Gel for Photographers
1. What Type of Silica Gel Should I Buy?
You should buy indicative or reactive Silica Gel. Silica Gel comes in a few different forms. Typically they’re sold loose, as crystals, tiny spheres, or in porous plastic sachets that allow air through. I prefer to get the loose spheres or crystals because it’s not easy to see when the crystals are saturated when in sachets. More specifically, I prefer to buy indicative Silica Gel. This is also called reactive Silica Gel.
The sachets are very convenient for some non-photographic uses.
2. Is Silica Gel Toxic?
No, Silica Gel is not toxic. However, you should not try to ingest it or mix it with edible items. Also keep it away from children, eyes, etc.
Here is some additional information: The Cobalt Chloride used in blue>pink indicative Silica Gel has been classified as hazardous if inhaled or ingested, so if you’re using indicative Silica Gel, don’t inhale the dust from the crystals. The Orange > Green Silica Gel is considered safe for use.
3. Where Can I get Indicating Silica Gel? – BUY HERE!
- Here’s an Amazon.com page with a wide choice of Indicating Silica Gel options.
- Dry-Packs 45gm Indicating Silica Gel Hard Plastic Canister (Orange > Green).
Personally, I use 2Kgs of orange beads of Silica Gel.
4. What Precautions Should I take When Using Silica Gel?
Silica Gel itself is safe to handle and use, but here are a few precautions that you can take when using, storing, recharging, and handling silica gel.
- Silica Gel should not be handled by children, placed near eyes, or ingested. If ingested, Silica Gel is not toxic and will pass through the system.
- Do not inhale any dust that comes off Silica Gel. It could cause irritation to the nose and lungs, and may cause discomfort if it touches the eyes.
- When recharging Silica Gel in an oven, it may remain hot for quite a while. You can allow it to cool down in the oven until it is safe to handle and then transfer it to an airtight sealed container for long term storage.
- Orange Silica Gel – Comprehensive Safety Information.
5. How Can I use Silica Gel, & Why Is It Important For Photographers?
Camera equipment needs to be stored under low humidity or else it becomes possible for fungus to grow on the elements of lenses. Additionally, high humidity also causes rubber parts of the camera and lens to begin degrading.
Silica Gel is, therefore, a very important part of camera maintenance, both in the short and long term. Knowing how Silica Gel works and is recharged is important for photographers to be able to take care of their equipment.
Thanks for reading right through to the end. Follow this link if you want more information about how to take care of your cameras when it’s raining, or if you live in a humid area.
- Comprehensive Information about Silica Gel
- What’s The Difference Between Orange & Blue Indicating Silica Gel?
- What to do if Silica Gel is ingested
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Published: August 27, 2016 | Last Updated: November 13, 2021