Here’s a short list of problems that you may encounter on your journey of discovery in photography, along with an equally short list of fixes to get you back on the road.
Red, Alien-like eyes that appear to infest regular human-beings when using on-camera flash.
REASON: On-Camera Flash being too close to the lens’ axis.
Blurwere an English alternative rock band that formed in Colchester in 1989.// Oops, wrong Blur.
Blur is when objects in the frame or photograph seem soft, blurry (duh!) or streaky.
There are two main reasons, actually.
- Relatively fast moving objects
- Soft, or incorrect, focus
- Moving Objects. Use a faster shutter speed, fast enough to freeze it, or use a flash.
- Soft Focus: Make sure you focus correctly, get better spectacles if you need ‘em. (I know, I do…)
Similar to blur, but instigated by the camera and / or photographer.
Incorrect posture, bad camera holding technique, or use of a slow shutter speed
- Make sure your shooting posture ensures that you’re well balanced and stable when you actually press the shutter release
- Learn how to grip the camera correctly. (Video)
- Use faster shutter speeds, use flash to freeze your subject, or just shoot in better light.
4. Flash reflected off Glass
This is the all-too-famous blotch of white light that you see in airplane windows, in aquariums and offices.
Flash bouncing off the glass and back into the camera’s lens.
When shooting in to glass, remember not to shoot perpendicular to it if using flash. If possible, turn off your flash, else, if you have a camera with a lens that sticks out, go right up to the glass so that the lens is almost touching the glass itself, and then take a picture. That way you wont get reflections of your flash!
White diffused area next to a light source, or circles of light radiating out from a light source that’s directly in the photograph’s frame.
Light that comes directly into the lens sometimes does not get absorbed, but bounces off the surface of the lens. The best lenses have great coatings to reduce this, but a cheap filter most certainly will bounce light.
Use a lens hood to keep stray light out, get a lens with better coatings, Dont shoot directly into the light.
Dark edges in a photograph
- Light that is focussed by the lens starts falling-off towards the edges.
- Filters on a wide-angle lens infringing on the corners of the frame
- A Low quality lens
- All lenses have some degree of vignetting. The expensive ones just have less.
- Don’t use filters that need step-down ring adaptors
- Some cameras like the LOMO use low quality lenses intentionally. If you don’t want a vignette, don’t use them.
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